In this report, three different liquid cooling technologies are reviewed, Single-Phase Immersion Cooling, Two-Phase Immersion Cooling and Direct Liquid Cooling. The overarching aim of the report is to provide useful technical information and hopefully give some clarity with regard to the state-of-the-art of liquid cooling technology as it pertains to data center cooling and energy management. To achieve this, only data disclosed in primary references is reported.
…Liquid cooling of data centers seems inevitable. Owing to their considerably better thermophysical properties, using liquids as a coolant not only has the capacity to solve the heat transfer and energy problems simultaneously, but gives new headroom for future development whilst facilitating heat recovery, transport and reuse.
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